What is Gum Disease?
Also known as periodontal disease, it is an inflammation of the gum line. There are 3 stages of this disease that if it goes untreated can lead to tooth loss and other health problems
STAGE 1: GINGIVITIS
The first stage of gum disease is gingivitis. It causes the gums to become red, swollen or tender bleeding easily when brushing or flossing. Gingivitis can be reversed if you maintain good oral hygiene by removing any calculus and build up around the teeth and the gums by doing regular scale and polishes, which can be done every 3/6 months depending on your dentist advice.
STAGE 2: PERIODONTITIS
The second stage of gum disease is periodontitis, untreated gingivitis. With time the gums form a pocket below the gum line where plaque spreads. Professional periodontal clean cleans under the gum and removes this hard plaque that has built up under the gum line where toothbrush cannot reach. This helps gum disease spreading but it is irreversible as the pockets have damaged the supporting bone and the fibers that hold the teeth. The toxins from the plaque stimulate a chronic inflammatory response in which the body turns on itself. Periodontal treatment involves regeneration of lost tissue and bone by using membranes or proteins derived from the enamel matrix. The recession will be covered with a gingival graft and the bone will be replaced with bone graft.
STAGE 3: ADVANCED PERIODONTITIS
The third stage of gum disease is advanced periodontitis. When the fibres and the bone of your teeth are being destroyed causing your teeth to shift or loosen and the pockets become deeper affecting your bite, your communication and your ability to eat, then your periodontal disease has become advanced. If the periodontal treatment in stage 2 cannot save them, teeth may need to be removed by a dental specialist. We can provide multiple restorative options to regain functionality, health and a smile with the best aesthetic results.